The postwar period in Burundi is marked by the policy of repatriation of refugees, reconciliation, integration and demobilization. It is also characterized by dispersed habitat, social context dominated by visible tension and/or latent taking origin from the relationship between quick overpopulation, overexploited lands that are more and more dwindled everyday and the attachment of Burundians to their motherland etc. It is also to emphasize the lack of water and electricity in rural areas, dirtiness, and vector of various diseases that are menacing our country, the puzzle of equal access to education both to boys and girls, puzzle of access to health care and the security management of the village. It is that situation that impelled us to think about the near and faraway socio- economic future of our country.
Among several possible solutions, we made our choice integrated village considered as a new paradigm of development that can bring solutions to problems assailing us. Depending upon the means already obtained, we have built a kindergarten school, a primary school endowed with a teachers’ building, a secondary school where children of the village and surrounding areas go. The secondary school has an administrative building, bio – toilets for cleansing, a multi-service hall and playing grounds. At the level of habitat, we transform the slums of displaced ethnic minorities into multiethnic village that receive the repatriated, TWA people, demobilized, and landless by building houses of three rooms and a sitting room. We have already built hundreds of houses that shelter the most vulnerable people (old, widows, and orphans).
At the level of agricultural and livestock framing, we have a property that we exploit by cultivating plants for feeding five cows and the goats of beneficiaries regrouped in the Association APROCOBU. We have also cultivated banana, potatoes and sweet potatoes.
The goal is to train villagers to agricultural and livestock modern techniques to be used later on in their properties of origin. Consequently, they will create jobs around the village then they will leave the agriculture to set up other income generative activities.
By reducing the number of farmers for the benefit of other activities around the villages like smithy, trade, communication, transport, public secretary’s offices, etc. in confronting the villagers to the problems of management of narrowness of plots will oblige them to build floors, thus passing from the war victims’ camps to villages and from villages to cities in Burundi.