The first African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (AMCHUD) was held in Durban, South Africa, from 31 January to 4 February 2005. The conference, whose theme was Urbanization, Shelter and Development: Towards an Enhanced Framework for Sustainable Cities and Towns in Africa, reflected the political will in Africa to address the challenge of urbanization and goal of sustainable human settlements at a continental level.
The second African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development, (AMCHUD II) took place in Abuja, Nigeria, 28-30 July, 2008 with the theme “Towards Goal 7 Target 11: Overcoming the Finance and Resource Challenges for Sustainable Housing and Urban Development” . The Third African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (AMCHUD III) took place in Bamako, Mali from 22 to 24 November 2010 with the theme, “Land in the context of sustainable urbanization”. In sub-Saharan Africa, 72 percent of urban dwellers (187 million people) live in slums. They constitute 20 percent of the global slum population. In signing up to the Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have committed themselves “to achieve significant improvement in the lives of 100 million slum dwellers” by the year 2020.
The fourth African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (AMCHUD) 20 – 23 March 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya under the theme, Territorial planning, basic services for all and the impacts and the impacts of climate change in Africa. The theme of the fifth session as decided by the AMCHUD Special Meeting that took place on 9 April 2013 at the sides of the UN-Habitat Governing Council is: "Case Studies in Financing Human Settlements in Africa: Appropriate Legislative Frameworks and Innovations in Implementation".
The theme underscores the central role of enabling legislative frameworks while equally emphasizing the role of best practices and innovations for replication and implementation. In addition, and taking into account the on-going continental consultations on the long term vision for Africa in the next 50 years (Africa Agenda 2063), the conference will also deliberate on an ‘Africa Urban Agenda’, being an input to the process led by the African Union which concludes by mid-2014.