Background and objectives
Nakuru, Kenya, is a rapidly growing centre with a diverse economic base of agricultural processing, regional services and tourism. Particular environmental concerns are caused by the interrelation between human settlements, Lake Nakuru National Park and expansion of the town into geologically fragile areas and rich agricultural land. This situation is aggravated by a decline in urban services, calling for a new approaches towards urban planning and management.
To promote urban governance, the programme emphasizes the need for a shared vision for the future development of the city. In parallel, urgent problems are addressed through action planning and environmental conflict resolution. This process is underpinned by a continuous broad-based consultation process.
Capacity-building efforts focus on setting priorities for action, targeted human resources development, institutional strenghtening, development and adaptation of tools, encouraging partnerships, mobilistion of resources, and promoting exchange between cities. Capacity-building efforts focus on setting priorities for action, targeting human resources development, institutional strengthening, development and adaptation of tools, encouraging partnerships, mobilization of resources and promoting the exchange of experiences with cities facing similar problems.
A Strategic Structure Plan (SSP) for Nakuru has been prepared, and a town planning unit is being established to reinforce the council's planning capability and to coordinate implementation of the SSP. Action plans are being implemented for revitalization of the Council's rental-housing stock, resolution of space-use conflicts around the bus station, improvement of wells around the urban areas, community-assisted solid waste collection and greening projects in several parts of the city. To sustain these actions, council revenues and the pricing of services are being rationalized, the relationship between the council and CBOs is being strenghtened through zonal development committees and councillors are being trained as environmental guardians. The partnership between Nakuru and the Municipality of Leuven has resulted in joint actions improving sustainable development in both cities.