Completed Action Plans
Sigale Meat Market, Hodan
Wells rehabilitation, Shingani
Anzalotti Meat and Vegetable Market, Hamar-jajab
Somalia remains a fragmented nation in the aftermath of more than a decade of devastating civil conflict, which has torn the country apart. Persistent fighting between Transitional Federal Government/Ethiopian forces on one side and anti-government forces on the other, inter-clan fighting, natural disasters (such as prolonged droughts and floods), and disease epidemics are some of the major constraints that have hindered the efficient implementation of development programmes in south central Somalia (which hosts two-thirds of the Somali population).
The absence of a strong central government capable of providing quality basic services – safe drinking water, electricity, quality markets, health, and education – to the population of the city of Mogadishu has compelled international donor communities to fill the vacuum and rely on trusted local NGOs and local communities. In partnership with Mogadishu communities and SAACID, UN-HABITAT introduced programmes to the communities in Mogadishu that gave them an opportunity to participate as genuine partners and stakeholders in defining their own future.
Over the past few years, with funding from UN-HABITAT, these communities in different districts in Somalia were able to rehabilitate some of the destroyed and malfunctioning basic public infrastructure, improving access to reliable potable water, clean markets, etc. Nine of Mogadishu’s 16 districts participated in UN-HABITAT’s Urban Development Programme for the Somali Region (SUDP); they have now succeeded in completing a highly prioritized action plan of their choice and rehabilitating the entire targeted infrastructure. This has been instrumental in improving the livelihoods of residents.
UN-HABITAT’s SUDP programme has attracted the whole city of Mogadishu, with the remaining seven districts (who have completed their district profiling exercise) showing great interest in the programme. They are eagerly awaiting their turn for district consultations and priority public infrastructure development.
To enhance and upgrade economic and livelihood opportunities in Mogadishu’s war-torn communities through supporting the rehabilitation of basic infrastructure, on which most of the lower and middle class rely for their livelihoods.
To raise awareness among residents of Mogadishu and the surrounding areas about preventing the risks associated with poor environmental sanitation.
Output / Outcomes
At least one action plan is implemented in each of nine targeted districts.
Basic infrastructure improves in each of the nine districts.
Livelihoods, economic activity, health, and hygiene improve in the nine targeted districts.
Mobilize community leaders and district authorities in identifying and selecting their first and second action plan priorities.
Develop and submit action plans for approval.
Contract with SAACID and disseminate tenders to district-based construction companies.
Meet with different stakeholders and establish committees.
Procure construction materials and start the rehabilitation process.
Complete the rehabilitation and enable beneficiaries to use the rehabilitated infrastructure.
Final narrative; photographic and financial reporting.
The local authorities of the districts of Hodan, Hamar-jajab, and Shingani, with support from local community organizations, took responsibility for overseeing and ensuring the smooth running of the whole rehabilitation process within their respective action plans. The local authority of each district agreed to provide supervision at least once a week during the working days; they also contributed cash. Women’s groups in all three districts tirelessly cleaned the sites through self-help schemes, before and after the rehabilitation. SAACID provided monitoring and supervision and UN-HABITAT covered all the costs related to building materials.
On 30 June 2008, the local authorities of the Hodan, Hamar-jajab, and Shingani performed, in the vicinity of their respective rehabilitated infrastructure, very colourful ceremonies to officially open the sites. In each opening ceremony, large crowds full of women wearing very colourful traditional Somali cloth performed folklore dances, sang patriotic songs, and welcomed visitors. A senior and well-known elderly citizen, representing each district’s residential community, was invited to honourably open the ceremony. A representative of the SAACID executive, accompanied by project staff, was also present.
At all three ceremonies, community representatives praised the accomplishments and agreed that the projects were unique and profitable, as they will create more job opportunities. The communities appeared very happy that these were the first development activities in the history of their respective districts that were chosen and implemented by themselves. The occasions marked a very special and extremely important milestone in community-based development and participatory decision making in Mogadishu.
SAACID representatives addressed all the opening ceremonies, informing participants that UN-HABITAT had a strong commitment to community-based programmes and had implemented such programmes in other districts in Mogadishu and other regions of Somalia. In conclusion, each District Commissioner confirmed to the audience that SAACID was their preferential partner in relief and development projects in their respective district. Each commissioner thanked those who took part in the realization of the project, especially UNHABITAT, UNHCR, the European Commission, and SAACID, then declared the respective markets open to the public.