Boda bodas (bicycle taxis) are a common phenomenon in Kisumu, Kenya. They are cheap, relatively fast and stop wherever the passenger wants to get off. However, they are not always safe, mainly because of the missing corresponding infrastructure and ignorance of road regulations among various road users. This was one of the reasons for the selection of Kisumu as the first Sustainable Urban Mobility (SUM) Demonstration City. The SUM initiative is aimed at strengthening the technical knowledge of sustainable urban mobility of local authorities and their partners and to institutionalize it through the Sustainable Cities Programme/Environmental Planning and Management (SCP/EPM) process. In this way, local authorities will learn how to deal with environmental management with emphasis on urban mobility issues. The support will focus on improving the readiness and ability of local authorities to allocate financial and human resources towards enhancing sustainable urban mobility with a strong focus on poverty reduction and low-cost, sustainable transportation.
SUM activities in Kisumu are carried out mainly by the Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG) and UNESCO-IHE and will include, among others:
- Selection of the demonstration cities;
- Documentation of key sustainable urban mobility issues;
- Integration of the sustainable urban mobility project in environmental planning and management of transportation targeted towards poverty reduction;
- Sensitization of local authorities and stakeholders;
- Organization of stakeholder meetings and city consultations;
- Preparation of Environmental / Sustainable Urban Mobility Profiles;
- Development of a strategy for institutionalizing the SCP/EPM process;
- Implementation and follow-up of demonstration projects.
After Kisumu, the SUM project will be replicated and implemented in other cities.
- A sustainable urban mobility strategy and action plan has been established.
- A system for application of environmental planning and management has been institutionalized.
- A long-term strategy on how to support local authorities to apply environmental planning and management in sustainable urban mobility has been developed.