Background and objectives:
In partnership with UNICEF, UN-HABITAT has implemented a resettlement project for the inhabitants of the Tsunami-affected village of Xaafuun on the Puntland Coast. While UNICEF rebuilt several health and education facilities as well as the town’s water supply system, UN-HABITAT has been responsible for the planning of a new, safe and environmentally sustainable settlement area and the reconstruction of houses. The town has been relocated to an area that is less exposed to the harsh weather conditions and at a higher elevation, which cannot be affected by possible future flooding. Construction of 204 housing units was substantially completed by mid-2007. The objectives of the project were:
- Reconstruction of houses destroyed by the tsunami.
- Replanning and relocation of the settlement to a protected site, with particular emphasis on the development of child-friendly spaces,
- Opportunities for economic development for women
- Protection of vulnerable groups against the prevailing harsh environmental conditions,
The main activities included:
- Environmental assessment, planning and design of new settlement site in consultation with local community
- Capacity building of the Xaafuun District Development Committee and coordination of all self-help construction activities
- Construction of houses and facilities for community services
- Awareness raising on hygienic measures and maintenance
The results achieved were:
- Voluntary relocation of tsunami-affected inhabitants of Xaafuun to a safer and environmentally sustainable location
- Efficient planning of the new settlement site, appropriate design of houses and provisions for basic services
- Reconstruction of 203 houses and establishment of adequate basic services.
- Construction of community workshop facilities, generator house, water and electricity utility building
- Improved governing system and community mobilisation.