Background and objectives:
A powerful earthquake, with a magnitude of 7.9 degrees in the Richter Scale, struck Peru on the early evening of Wednesday 15 August 2007, totally devastating hospitals, schools, churches and government buildings in the city of Pisco, and seriously affecting the cities of Chincha, Ica and Cañete in the Peruvian Pacific coast. This project aimed to provide support to the national government, particularly the newly created authority for reconstruction (FORSUR) and the Ministry of Housing, local governments and local builders and masons for the rehabilitation of destroyed and damaged houses and settlements in the framework of sustainable risk conscious human settlement planning and seismically resilient criteria and techniques.
The main activities included:
- Development of a National Policy for Housing for the Early Recovery and Reconstruction Phase, with particular emphasis on land tenure management and policies
- Proposal for municipal system legal and technical support in land tenure, permissions and resilient construction
- Direct technical assistance was provided to district and provincial municipalities as well as to the Ministry in resolving post disaster land tenure issues
- High profile event to present outputs to principal stakeholders.
The following guidelines were produced:
On post-disaster land tenure management:
- Review of case studies: A comprehensive analysis and systematization of the range of land tenure issues generated by the disaster in the affected area.
- Guideline 1: Municipal and community recording of land tenure before the disaster;
- Guideline 2: Survey of land and housing tenure after a disaster;
- Guideline 3: Land tenure management after the disaster;
- Municipal Manual: Technical and Legal Municipal Assistance on legal issues;
On reconstruction planning:
- Methodological guidelines for Urban Planning and Risk Management after the disaster (printed and disseminated in 1.000 copies to local governments, universities, municipal training institutions and NGOs)
- Training Manual in urban planning and Risk Management after the disaster (printed and disseminated in 1.000 copies to local governments, universities, municipal training institutions and NGOs)