Background and objectives:
The Nias and Simeulue Projects support a community driven, integrated approach to reconstruction to ensure the sustainable reconstruction of settlements affected by the tsunami and the earthquake. In the case of Nias, US$ 4,705,880 supported the reconstruction of 486 houses and community infrastructure damaged/destroyed by the Tsunami in December 2004 in four villages. Under the Simeulue Programme, a budget of US$ 6,423,641 will reconstruct 459 houses and community infrastructure in five villages.The overall objectives are:
- To address the housing needs of tsunami and earthquake-affected communities and vulnerable families in four villages in Nias and five villages in Simeulue.
- To ensure security of tenure through the restoration of rights to occupy land and registration of title.
- To support the recovery process by providing inputs into the local economy through investments in housing, which supports the local economy through the purchase of local building materials, the generation of employment, and provides a base for income-generating activities.
- To support communities and local government through joint planning and needs assessments.
The main activities include:
- Identification of settlements and site preparation.
- Community and spatial planning.
- Housing reconstruction support.
- Community infrastructure improvements.
The results so far have included:
- 486 houses and water/sanitation infrastructure reconstructed in the villages of Sawo, Hiliduruwa, Banuagea and Hillimbosi on Nias.
- In Simeulue, the construction of 459 houses and community infrastructure in the villages of Sua Sua, Batu Batu, Busung, Situbuk and Kahat.
- The community infrastructure component provides assistance in reconstruction of some priority infrastructure such as roads, culverts, water supply etc.
- Infrastructure activities including primary and secondary water connections carried out by a German NGO (ThW) in close coordination with UN-HABITAT.