The fundamental objective of SCP is to promote environmentally sustainable urban development. Since inception in the early 1990’s, SCP has undergone two key phases.
SCP PHASE ONE, 1991-2001
The key components of SCP Phase One were:
- Operational support: To provide support to participating cities via demonstration projects that implement the EPM process to address key urban issues.
- Development of management tools: Based on the practical experiences of cities, to develop EPM management tools in the form of source books and handbooks.
- Networking: to facilitate information and expertise exchange between SCP Partners (cities, organisations and programmes).
- Information and awareness building: to raise awareness of SCP and of the urban environment agenda, and to document and disseminate information.
- Resource mobilisation and management: to enable the implementation of the programme.
By year 2000, all the above components had been implemented. SCP had 29 active partner cities, there were 9 countries with national SCP programmes (in preparation or on-going) and replication of city demonstration projects was taking place in 25 cities. In addition, EPM training had been carried out in 6 countries, SCP had established a tradition of regular regional and global meetings, and there was an operational SCP website.
SCP PHASE TWO, 2002-2007
The second phase of SCP builds on the lessons and achievements of phase one. It is a long term initiative aiming at strengthening the institutional capacity of city and local authorities and their partners in the area of urban environmental planning and management. The objectives of this phase are threefold: to improve the EPM/SCP application and policy implementation processes; to develop an institutional framework and network for sustained EPM support; and to institutionalise SCP’s normative functions.
The key components of Phase Two are:
- Strengthening EPM implementation by reviewing its implementation modalities, and strengthening the packaging and implementation of Demonstration Projects, particularly through the Sustainable Urban Mobility (SUM) initiative and the Basic Urban Services (BUS) (Link below) initiative.
- Support for Regional and National institutions and partners through capacity development programmes through the Anchoring Institutions (Link below) initiative and the adaptation of SCP and EPM tools (Link below) at local level.
- Mainstreaming EPM into standards for SCP Partners through improved knowledge management, the development of new EPM Tools, an updated and expanded SCP global website, and regular global meetings for partners.
In promoting urban environmental governance processes SCP works closely with UN-HABITAT’s Global Campaign on Urban Governance.